THE EFFECT OF USING TOP-DOWN AND BOTTOM-UP STRATEGIES TOWARD STUDENTS’ ABILITY IN COMPREHENDING THE RECORDED NARRATIVE STORY AT THE FIRST YEAR STUDENTS OF MAN 1 PEKANBARU

Tito Santana, (2012) THE EFFECT OF USING TOP-DOWN AND BOTTOM-UP STRATEGIES TOWARD STUDENTS’ ABILITY IN COMPREHENDING THE RECORDED NARRATIVE STORY AT THE FIRST YEAR STUDENTS OF MAN 1 PEKANBARU. Skripsi thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau.

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Abstract

Listening is one of the basic language skills which plays an important role in communication. In the early days of English Language Teaching (ELT), listening chiefly served as a means of introducing new grammar through model dialogues. The purposes of this research were to find out students’ ability in comprehending the recorded narrative story taught by using top-down and bottom-up strategies and without top-down and bottom-up strategies and to find out the significant effect of using top-down and bottom-up strategies to improve students’ ability in comprehending the recorded narrative story at MAN 1 Pekanbaru. This research was an experimental research, precisely a quasi experimental research. The design of this research was pre-test - post-test non-equivalent control group. Six meetings were given for treatments. The instruments of this research were test and observation. The participants were the first year students of MAN 1 Pekanbaru. The research findings showed that the improvement could be seen from the score of t-test. The total score of t-test is 3.47. Based on t-table, 1.99<3.47>2.64. Therefore, it could be concluded that there is a significant effect of using top-down and bottom-up strategies toward students’ ability in comprehending the recorded narrative story at the first year of MAN 1 Pekanbaru.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Subjects: 300 Ilmu Sosial > 370 Pendidikan > 373 Pendidikan Tingkat Sekolah Lanjutan > 373.238 Sekolah Menengah Atas, SMA
Divisions: Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: eva sartika
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2016 07:26
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2016 07:26
URI: http://repository.uin-suska.ac.id/id/eprint/9694

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