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Phenotype Performance of M1 Generation of Bima Shallot (Allium cepa L. var. Ascalonicum) result of Ethyl Methane Sulfonate induced

Zulfahmi and D Affandi and Mahmuzar, - and GUSRINALDI and Rosmaina (2022) Phenotype Performance of M1 Generation of Bima Shallot (Allium cepa L. var. Ascalonicum) result of Ethyl Methane Sulfonate induced. In: 9th International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture and Environment, 24-25 Agustus 2022, Online conference | Surakarta, Indonesia.

1. dokumen. ICSAE-9A-2022_Shallot.pdf

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The diversity of crops can be produced via mutagen induction. Ethyl methane sulfonate is a chemical mutagen which often applied to increase variability in the crop including shallot. The purpose of this study was to investigate the phenotype performance of Bima varieties of Shallot (Allium cepa var Ascalonicum) result of an Ethyl Methane Sulfonate induced. This study used a randomized complete block design, with the treatment of five levels of EMS concentrations. Data obtained were analyzed of variance and if EMS treatment was significant difference that will proceed to Duncan Multiple ranged Test. The present study found that EMS treatment was significantly different for all parameters (p < 0.05). The first generation (M1) of Bima shallot exhibited a gradual decrease in growth vegetative and yield with the increasing of EMS concentration than control. The reduction of these parameters may be caused by genetic changing and physiologically damage as consequences of EMS treatments. Among EMS treatments, the concentration of 100 ppm displayed a higher value for all parameters compared to 200, 300, and 400 ppm of EMS. The result of this study can be utilized as a source of genetic material in plant breeding activities to produce a high-quality variety in the future. Keywords: Shallot, Morphology, Mutation, Breeding

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: 600 Teknologi dan Ilmu-ilmu Terapan > 630 Usaha Tani, Pertanian, Teknologi Pertanian > 630.7 Pendidikan Pertanian, Riset Penelitian Pertanian
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian dan Peternakan > Agroteknologi
Depositing User: Ari Eka Wahyudi
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2023 03:51
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2023 03:51

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