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Creating a culture of religious tolerance in an Indonesian school

Raihani Creating a culture of religious tolerance in an Indonesian school. South East Asia Research, 22 (4). pp. 541-560.

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The author describes the importance of school–family relations in es- tablishing a culture of religious tolerance among pupils of a state senior secondary school in the multicultural city of Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan. Palangkaraya is a provincial capital city, and is home to different ethnicities and religions. In 2001, a massive ethnic riot erupted between the local Dayak and emigrant Madurese in Sampit, a district in Central Kalimantan province, and quickly spread to other districts, including Palangkaraya. This conflict was re- garded as a national tragedy and took hundreds of lives. In this post-conflict context, the author examines how several related aspects of school – culture, curriculum and instruction, politics and policies, and school–community rela- tions – contribute to the school’s efforts to nurture religious tolerance among students. The data were derived from the author’s ethnographic fieldwork in 2010 employing participant observation, focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with the principal, teachers and students. The findings suggest that students have acquired an embodied cultural capital of religious diversity and tolerance from families and community, and that this has equipped them to help create a ‘tolerance culture’ in the school, despite the unsupportive school politics and inconsistent school policies related to religious diversity. On their own initia- tive and, to a lesser extent, inspired by the formal curriculum, religion teachers play a pivotal role in shaping students’ understanding of religious diversity and tolerance through deliberate teaching about some aspects of other religions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: 300 Ilmu Sosial > 370 Pendidikan
Divisions: Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan > Pendidikan Agama Islam
Depositing User: Ari Eka Wahyudi
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2018 07:56
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2018 07:56

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